As an SAP consultant, you may have encountered SAP Accounting Document posting error. Sometimes you may find them not getting or cleared. This is a common problem that can cause frustration if you don’t know how to resolve it.
During the order to payment cycle, SAP sales and distribution consultants often encounter the need for integration with finance and accounting. This integration becomes particularly crucial during the creation and release of invoices, as well as when processing incoming payments.
In cases where account determination is not properly configured, errors may occur, indicating that a billing document has not been posted. To better understand the impact of posting a billing document to accounting, it’s important to recognize that this action triggers the recording of corresponding accounting entries in the relevant general ledger (G/L) accounts. For instance, when a new invoice is posted, your books accurately reflect the corresponding accounts receivable.
This seamless transfer of data between sales and distribution (SD) processes and financial accounting (FI) is essential for maintaining accurate and up-to-date financial records.
In this blog post, we will discuss the causes of the issue and walk you through the steps to solve it, providing you with a clear understanding of the process.
For instance, when customer invoice is posted to accounting, it makes entry in customer recivable accounts and balancing entry in the Sales Revenue account.
However, kindly note that when Invoice is posted and accounting document is posted, it doesn’t mean that the transaction is complete.
The customer must make the incoming payment. At this moment that the debits and credits are balanced and the transaction is considered complete. But what happens when it’s not?
Clearing Invoice within f-28 transaction
Troubleshooting Accounting Document Not generated for billing in SAP and Account determination error
There are multiple reasons why SAP accounting document may fail to post or clear. Presented below are two steps to help you resolve most of these errors. We trust that these steps will successfully address your current issue.
Check whether you document needs to be manually posted – Some Accounting documents need to be manually posted.
Whenever you define a billing document in SAP, you can define whether it needs to be posted automatically to accounting. This gets defined in the following path in SPRO – Sales and Distribution -> Billing -> Billing Documents -> Define Billing Types. As you can see, if the posting block flag showed is checked then the user needs to release the billing document to accounting manually.
Documents requiring manual clearing in SAP
Hence for these documents you need to Goto VF02 and Release the document manually to posting.
Simulate the Accounting Document – For this you can go to the Invoice document and check what is the issue which is causing your accounting document problem with accounting document. To be able to simulate the accounting document, you will need to go to VF02 and then navigate to Environment –> Acc. Determination Analysis.
Simulate Account Document determination error in SAP
The determination mentioned above is based on the settings maintained in transaction VKOA. It utilizes a condition technique and the determination is made by considering the most specific to generic condition records set up in this transaction. Typically, the initial level of determination involves Customer Group, Material Group, and Accounting Key. If this determination fails, it then considers Customer Group and Account Key, followed by Material Group and Account Key.
Releasing billing document to accounting manually
VKOA account determination process
Problem is related to Accounting Document Clearing and not posting – Remmember that accounting document clearing is dependent on incoming customer payment. If you have not automated your bank entries, you must run F-28 to be able to clear the accounting document.
Affect of accounting document posting on IDOCs
When a billing document is created, it does not immediately send information to third-party applications. This is because the default SAP system does not consider the mere creation of a billing document sufficient to trigger the IDOCs. The document needs to be released to accounting and reflected in your books to initiate the communication of the IDOCs.
Refer to the screenshot below, where you can see that there is a requirement 62 for the communication of the IDOCs, specifically for the INVOIC example.
Affect of accounting document posting on IDOCs
Hence if your problem is that when you are creating an invoice document but the external system is not able to get the information in forms of IDOCs, it might be a good idea to troubleshoot the error regarding accounting document posting.
This means that there was an error in account determination. Goto transaction VF02 and run the account determination analysis shown in this article earlier. It will show you the exact error which you can then resolve in VKOA.
When you get this error, this means that accounting document has not been created. In this case you will need to try and generate the Accounting document manually. It can also be a problem with account determination so you will need to do both the steps.
SAP Accounting Document Posting – Important Transaction Codes
Here are some important transaction codes associated with account determination.
Important Transaction Codes
To monitor billing document stuck for posting or having accounting error
To Change invoice, release it to accounting and run account determination
Set up Account Determination
Conclusion and Further Practice
In conclusion, an SAP accounting document posting error can be caused by various factors, such as open items, incorrect posting dates, incorrect document types or numbers, and system errors. To resolve the issue, it is important to first identify the cause of the problem. By following the steps outlined above, you can ensure that you are taking the right steps to correct the issue, resulting in a balanced and complete transaction.
As an SAP consultant, it is essential to know how to post and clear an accounting document in order to keep the company’s financial records accurate and up to date. Following are some of the steps that you can take to improve your knowledge on this subject.
Analyzing a completed Invoice – Find an invoice which has completed it lifecycle. Navigate to Accounting Document. See the entries which are made. Check if there is a clearing document. If so, then see how the entries are balanced and customer recievables are cleared.
Run an OTC Cycle – Create a new sales order and run the delivery creation, post goods issue and invoicing. Run transaction F-28 to create customer payment. See the accounting documents created during PGI, Delivery, Invoice and clearing.
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Shilpa is an accomplished leader with 17 years of experience in various facets of IT strategy, program management, continuous improvement, business transformation, and service delivery. Her experience span over industry verticals like Manufacturing, HealthCare, CPG and Media companies. She is fond of organizing events and is also associated with Habitat for Humanity.
We started careers in software consulting after passing out from top MBA colleges in early 2000s. We were fortunate to get trained at Enterprise Solutions Academy at Infosys, Hyderabad by some highly experienced professionals.